Funk carioca is a type of dance music that originated in Rio de Janeiro’s favelas, and went on to become popular all over Brazil. Funk came from Miami bass (a subgenre of hip hop) and freestyle. The loud and repetitive beat, called “pancadão”, is now internationally known and has been used by artists such as M.I.A. and Tigarah.
In 1970, American funk arrived in Brazil and merged with other elements of black music, including soul and rap. The pounding rhythm that is typical of carioca funk was popularized in the eighties in Rio’s favelas. During the 90’s, the “funkeiros” were seeking for their own identity, so they gathered inspiration from “safado “and the dynamic genre “miami bass” to create carioca funk. From the mid-nineties onwards, funk music became a widespread phenomenon in Brazil – not limited to the inhabitants of the favelas anymore. From the favelas to the bourgeoisie, funk carioca managed to bring together different classes that were also divided geographically. Since the early 2000s Carioca Funk has been officially recognized as a musical genre. The lyrics are quite aggressive and tend to focus on sexuality, violence, human dignity, and social injustice. The songs sometime have double meanings and don’t hold back in talking about several social issues. Another genre of funk, Funk Melody, slower and more romantic, usually focuses on love and relationships.
Brazilians just call it “funk”, although it is very different musically from funk in other countries. “Baile funk” refers to the parties in which people listen to, and dance funk. The vibe is sexy and exciting, the music’s rhythm is contagious, and people are scantily clad and dance in a sexy way. Some “bailes” in certain favelas can be dangerous sometimes, in certain nightclubs and parties. The coolest one is “Baile da Favorita”; the parties are always advertised online.
The funk “characters” are the Mc that is basically the singer and the Dj that normally together works with the Mc or alone playing funk music in parties and dance clubs. The “popozudas” dancers are also important, because they create the choreographies that the public learns and dances together. Some important names in the industry are: Anitta, Claudinho & Buchecha, Mister Catra, Mc Marcinho, Taty Quebra Barraco, Valesca Popuzuda, MC Leozinho and Bonde do Tigrão. DJ Marlboro is an important name in the industry, because he discovered and promoted several talented carioca funk artists.
Let the funk carioca embrace you.